Inside Maranello: Ferrari’s green and responsible factory

Aerial view of the world famous Ferrari HQ in Maranello

These fascinating photographs give a rare insight into the daily goings on at Ferrari, the world’s most famous car company.

Aerial view of the world famous Ferrari HQ in Maranello

The Italian firm was launched by the eponymous Enzo Ferrari in 1940 with his first car unveiled in 1947.

Sixty-six years after the 125S made its debut, Ferrari continues to build the most desirable sports cars and boasts an annual turnover in excess of €2 billion.

And the firm’s headquarters, in Maranello, northern Italy, is central to the phenomenal success which has seen profits and sales go through the roof in recent years.

Spread over 551,000 sq/m and dominating the small town of Maranello, the factory builds and restores some of the finest vehicles available.

Each day almost 3,000 staff arrive at the plant in anonymous Fiats and Lancias before producing a selection of unmistakable 200mph-plus supercars.

The workforce, with 60 per cent in blue collar roles, travel around the enormous site – with its 165,000sq/ft of trees and plants – on Ferrari-branded red bicycles.

Just like the firm’s F1 and road cars, the factory pays serious attention to safety and there is  not a single floor wire in sight.

The Ferrari bicycles which staff ride around Maranello

Everything hangs from the gantries above in a spotlessly clean environment which would put some hospitals to shame.

As technicians work on each model, a clock counts down the time until the building process should be completed before the car moves onto its next stage of production.

It is a flawless environment which, last year, saw the firm deliver a record-breaking 7,318 cars around the world.

Each day at the factory, eight V12 and 24 V8 models will typically roll off the production line before being shipped to 61 countries around the world.

Fifteen years ago there were just three main markets –  the USA, Italy and Germany. Its home country now makes up just five per cent of sales with orders from the emerging markets exploding in recent times.

Staff working on the V12 range production line

But last week Ferrari’s charismatic chairman Luca di Montezemolo announced the firm would be scaling back production in an attempt to retain the brand’s exclusivity.

However, the businessman said the company’s profits will continue to accelerate as aggressively as one of its sports cars.

With profits already up 36.5 per cent this year, Montezemolo wants his 200-strong dealer network across the world to continue this upward spiral by working on quality rather than quantity.

He wants customers to spend more on the company’s endless personalisation programmes, currently worth  €200million a year to the balance sheet.

A Ferrari 458 Spider in the Tailor-Made department

Ferrari says every model sold should be unique. So customers visiting Maranello can opt to give their car a radical interior overhaul through the firm’s Tailor-Made programme, or by being more subtle at the Atelier.

The Tailor-Made scheme, launched in 2011 and used by the likes of golfer Ian Poulter and Fiat heir Lapo Elkann, can see clients have their car interiors trimmed in suit fabric or even denim.

While it sounds ostentatious, Ferrari’s design and style experts are on guard to give the official nod of approval, hopefully preventing any overly vulgar cars leaving the factory.

Like everything else associated with the Prancing Horse, Tailor-Made comes at a price with customers expected to spend a minimum of  €30 –  €50,000 on their personal styling package.

Some of the fabrics Tailor-Made will use

Next to the Atelier department is the Classiche (pronounced Classica) area where technicians get to grips on extra special cars which are more than 20 years old.

Launched in 2006, Classiche is where the world’s most valuable cars go to be restored, repaired and authenticated by technicians equipped with the car’s original drawings.

The programme is becoming must-have for owners as classic Ferrari prices going up by 400 per cent over the past decade. Only gold has increased in value by more during this period, but this has been in decline recently. Some Ferraris, however, only seem to appreciate.

So when collectors are potentially paying up to £30 million for a Ferrari 250 GTO, they need to know that, like buying a Cezanne or Monet, their investment is absolutely original.

A £25m-plus Ferrari 250 GTO being repaired in Classiche

Marco Arrighi, a co-ordinator at Classiche, has been for Ferrari for 35 years.

He said: “When we restore cars, we reproduce everything from our original drawings. The cars will then perform perfectly to their original specification.

“Certification is getting more and more important. Once a car is certified, it is for life and the owner gets a binder signed by Piero Ferrari.

“Without the certification, the cars are more difficult to sell.”

At the moment staff are working on a collection of multi-million pound exotica, with some models among the most desirable classic cars anywhere in the world.

One car parked up in the immaculate workshop is Steve McQueen’s old 275 GTB4 which was sacrilegiously converted from a coupe to convertible in the 1980s.

Steve McQueen’s old Ferrari 275GTB which has been restored in Classiche

Its current owner has had the car shipped to Italy from Australia to have the car restored the exact condition it was in when it left the factory in the 1960s.

Another is a famous 250 GTO which became one of the world’s most valuable cars to ever crash when it was involved in an incident in France last year.

Ferrari doesn’t disclose the finances of Classiche to protect its clients, but repair and restoration bills can comfortably run into six figures.

The certification process, which costs up to €10,000 and can take place in the UK, has been another major success for Ferrari with more than 3,300 cars now authenticated.

Critics will often bash the supercar maker for its ‘gas guzzling’ models, but this is one of the biggest misconceptions about Ferrari, a company which takes its environmental responsibility so seriously.

Over the past four years, energy usage at Maranello has gone up ten per cent as demand has increased. But during the same period carbon emissions have been slashed by 40 per cent.

Its cars are getting greener while getting faster and over the next five years Ferrari plans to spend €250 million of its research and development budget into lowering emissions on cars and in their production.

The production line at Maranello

The cars are highly technical machines designed and developed by highly qualified individuals for very wealthy clients.

But the working class man plays a vital role at Ferrari, making up 60 per cent of the workforce. And they’re looked after by Ferrari and its boss, Luca di Montezemolo.

He said: “Ferrari for me, after my family, is the most important thing in my life. What is important is that the company is a meritocracy where we reward the best.

“In three years we have promoted 100 blue collar workers to white collar roles. My hope is that I will be replaced by a blue collar worker.”

Ferrari now gives an annual bonus and a separate three-year bonus to its staff, with the firm investing  €4 million each year in services for workers’ families, books and health care.


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